The THE APPLICATION OF DRILL PLAY METHOD ON RECEPTIVE LANGUAGE DISORDER OF CHILDREN WITH DOWN SYNDROME
PENERAPAN METODE DRILL PLAY PADA GANGGUAN BAHASA RESEPTIF ANAK DENGAN DOWN SYNDROME
Keywords:down syndrome, receptive language disorder, drill play method, down syndrome, gangguan bahasa reseptif, metode drill play, down syndrome, receptive language disorder, drill play method, gangguan bahasa reseptif, metode drill play
Down syndrome is a chromosomal abnormality that occurs during the prenatal period. This condition causes a child to experience several disorders, one of which is receptive language disorder or understanding. This receptive language disorder can occur due to short-term memory impairment. Seeing this, an intervention is needed to optimise the receptive language skills of children with Down syndrome. Purpose: This study aims to determine the effectiveness of the application of the drill play method in improving the receptive language skills of children with Down syndrome. Method: using a single subject experiment, using a one group pretest-posttest design. The research subject was a girl with Down syndrome aged two years and three months and had receptive language disorder. Data collection was done through interviews with the client's parents, direct observation of the client, tests, and document studies. Speech therapy was conducted for 10 meetings with the drill play method which emphasises repetition of exercises for client's receptive language understanding. Perceptual assessment by comparing word-level receptive language skills before and after therapy. Results: There was no improvement in word-level receptive language skills. Conclusion: the application of the drill play method in receptive disorders of children with down syndrome has not increased due to the lack of therapy sessions conducted and the provision of material that is less familiar to the client's daily life. Suggestion: further research needs to be done on how effective the frequency of therapy in children with down syndrome using the drill play therapy method so that it can be used as a reference for speech therapists in determining the number of therapy meetings.
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